Leonid Kogan

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Leonid Kogan

Mesaj  Admin Bir C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:08 am

Leonid Borisovich Kogan (November 17, 1924 - December 17, 1982) (Hebrew: לאוניד בוריסוביץ' קוגן‎, Russian: Леонид Борисович Коган) was a violin virtuoso, and one of the 20th century's most famous Soviet violinists. He ranked among the greatest representatives of the Soviet School of violin playing.

http://www.andromeda.at/mus/kog/index_e.shtml



Life and career
Kogan was born in Dnepropetrovsk, Ukraine, the son of a photographer who was an amateur violinist. After showing an early interest and ability for violin playing, his family moved to Moscow, where he was able to further his studies. From age ten he studied there with the noted violin pedagogue Abram Yampolsky. In that same year, 1934, Jascha Heifetz played concerts in Moscow. "I attended every one," Kogan later said, "and can remember until now every note he played. He was the ideal artist for me." When Kogan was 12, Jacques Thibaud was in Moscow and heard him play. The French virtuoso predicted a great future for him.

Kogan first studied at the Central Music School in Moscow (1934-43) then at the Moscow Conservatory (1943-48 ) also as a postgraduate ( 1948-51 ).

At the age of 17, and while still a student, he performed throughout the USSR. While still a student, he was co-winner of the first prize at the World Youth Festival, in Prague. In 1951 Kogan won first prize at the Queen Elizabeth Competition in Brussels with a dazzling performance of Paganini's first concerto that included an outstanding interpretation of the Sauret Cadenza.

His official debut was in 1941, playing the Brahms Concerto with the Moscow Philharmonic in the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory.

His international solo tours took him to Paris and London in 1955, and then South America and the USA in the following years. Kogan had a repertoire of over 18 concertos and a number of concertos by modern composers were dedicated to him.

In 1952, Kogan began teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, and in 1980 he was invited to teach at the Accademia Musicale Chigiana in Siena, Italy.

Kogan, a brilliant and compelling violinist, shunned publicity. He lacked too some of the warmth and platform-charisma of David Oistrakh, his 16-year-older colleague. His career was always overshadowed by David Oistrakh, who in addition was strongly promoted by Soviet authorities. Kogan was made an Honoured Artist in 1955 and a People's Artist of the USSR in 1964, and received the Lenin Prize in 1965.

Kogan married Elizaveta Gilels (sister of the famous pianist Emil Gilels), also a concert violinist. His son, Pavel Kogan, born in 1952, became a famous violinist and conductor. His daughter, Nina Kogan, born 1954, is a concert pianist and became the accompanist and sonata partner of her father at an early age.

Kogan died of a heart attack (in the city of Mytishchi), while travelling by train between Moscow and Yaroslavl to a concert he was to perform with his son, Pavel. Two days before, he had played the Beethoven Concerto in Vienna.


Technique
Kogan is regarded as one of the greatest of all technical players and interpreters. His style is considered more modern while less idiosyncratic than those of his contemporaries such as Oistrakh. His playing was lean, angular and aggressive with a faster and purer vibrato. He would maintain an even and full tone across all strings and in all positions, without fading out at high positions. Possibly as a result of his right arm technique, he would not allow the G string to sound unnecessarily mellow.

Kogan was the only classical violinist of note that preferred to play on all 4 steel strings (Thomastic brand). Most serious classical players prefer steel E-string, and maybe also steel A-string (as in case of David Oistrakh), while using gut or synthetics on G and D strings. Steel gave Kogan more clarity and power, while sacrificing warmth, depth and sweetness associated with gut or synthetics.


Instruments
Kogan owned two Guarneri del Gesù violins; the 1726 ex-Colin and the 1733 ex-Burmester. He played on French bows by Dominique Peccatte. Kogan never actually owned these instruments; they were provided on loan from the Soviet government. Today they are worth more than $4 million USD.


Recordings
Kogan formed a Trio with pianist Gilels and cellist Rostropovich, recordings of which include Beethoven's Archduke Trio, the Schumann D minor, the Tchaikovsky, the Saint-Saëns, the Brahms Horn Trio, and the Fauré C minor Quartet. Kogan later formed another Trio with the conductor Svetlanov on piano and cellist Luzanov. Kogan was the first Soviet violinist to play and record Berg's Violin concerto. He also made a famous recording of Khachaturian's violin concerto for RCA (his America debut recording); this version is still considered the most exciting reading of this concerto. Kogan has also recorded violin concerti by other Soviet composers, such as the two by Tikhon Khrennikov. There are more than 30 albums of his performances on the Arlecchino label. EMI has recently issued a 4-CD box set containing his concerto recordings for EMI.
***
(Uludağ Sözlükten Alıntı)

Dünyanin gelmiş geçmiş en büyük kemancılarından biri, birçoğuna göre en büyüğü. Herkesten daha teknik, daha büyük, hani derler ya "mangal gibi bir yüreğe sahip" büyük üstad. Rus olması ve bütün hayatını Rusya´nın komunist olduğu zamanda geçirmiş olması yüzünden diğer bütün kemancılar ondan daha ünlü olmuşlardır. Ancak kayıtlarının hepsi "paha biçilmez" dir. Hakettigi ünü hiçbir zaman kazanamamış olması, değerini zerre kadar azaltmaz.

Paganini´nin op.6 nr.1 konçertosunu çalışını dinledikten sonra, aynı koncertoyu Perlman´dan dinlediğimiz zaman Perlman "iyi bir öğrenci" tadı vermektedir, o kadar mükemmeldir.

Shostakowitch koncertosu inanılmazdır. Ne ondan önce ne de sonra ben o eserin öyle çalındığını duymadım. Girişteki Toccata´da kemandan çıkardığı ton- ki zaten Kogan´ın kemanının tonu kesinlikle diğer kemancılarınkinden daha robusttur- tarihe geçmiştir.

Beethoven´in keman konçertosunu calışı çok önemlidir. Koncertoyu abartmaz, küçültmez, dalga geçmez, son derece ciddi bir calış ve mükemmel bir teknikle eseri yorumlar.(Çaldığı kadans´da değişiktir)

Keman çalarkenki yüz ifadesi hiçbir zaman unutulmayacaktır. Son derece ciddi bir duruşu vardır.

Paganini´nin "Nel Cor Piu Non Misento" variationlarını Kogan'dan daha iyi kimse çalmamıştır (Bu kaydın youtube´da videosu vardir, ve o video youtubedaki en değerli videolardan birisidir.)

Kogan Guarneri Del Gesu bir keman çalıyordu.

Kogan bir tren yolculuğu sırasında vefat etmiştir. Öyle ki yolcular kendisini "uyuyor" sanmışlar.

Leonid Kogan bizim için insanlık tarihinin dünyaya sunduğu en büyük hediyelerden birisidir.


En son Admin tarafından C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:20 am tarihinde değiştirildi, toplamda 1 kere değiştirildi
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Shostakovich Prelude

Mesaj  Admin Bir C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:13 am

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Paganini - Nel Cor Piu

Mesaj  Admin Bir C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:14 am

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De Falla

Mesaj  Admin Bir C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:18 am

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Paganini - Cantabile in D Major

Mesaj  Admin Bir C.tesi Nis. 25, 2009 11:21 am

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