COLEMAN HAWKINS

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COLEMAN HAWKINS

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Ocak 17, 2010 2:44 am

COLEMAN HAWKINS
http://www.imdb.com/name/nm0370098/
http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=gr&GRid=9374241
http://www.hawkinsjazzfest.org/
http://airjudden.tripod.com/jazz/colemanhawkins.html
http://www.redhotjazz.com/hawkins.html

Background information
Birth name Coleman Randolph Hawkins
Born November 21, 1904(1904-11-21)
Origin Saint Joseph, Missouri
Died May 19, 1969 (aged 64)
Genres Swing music, Bebop
Instruments tenor saxophone
Associated acts Ben Webster, Max Roach

Coleman Randolph Hawkins (November 21, 1904 – May 19, 1969) was an American jazz tenor saxophonist. Hawkins was the first important jazz musician to use the instrument. As Joachim E. Berendt explained, "there were some tenor players before him, but the instrument was not an acknowledged jazz horn". While Hawkins is most strongly associated with the swing music and big band era, he had a role in the development of bebop in the 1940s,

Lester Young, who was called "Pres", in a 1959 interview with The Jazz Review, said "As far as I'm concerned, I think Coleman Hawkins was the President first, right? As far as myself, I think I'm the second one."

Miles Davis once said: "When I heard Hawk I learned to play ballads." Hawkins was nicknamed "Hawk" and sometimes "Bean".

Biography

Coleman Hawkins (incorrectly spelled "Haskins" in the caption) pictured in the Topeka High School orchestra, from the 1921 yearbook.

Early life and the Swing era
Hawkins was born in Saint Joseph, Missouri in 1904. Some out-of-date sources say 1901, but there is no evidence to prove an earlier date. He was named Coleman after his mother Cordelia's maiden name.

He attended high school in Chicago, then in Topeka, Kansas at Topeka High School. He later stated that he studied harmony and composition for two years at Washburn College in Topeka while still attending THS. In his youth he played piano and cello, and started playing saxophone at the age of nine; by the age of fourteen he was playing around eastern Kansas.

Hawkins joined Mamie Smith's Jazz Hounds in 1921, who he toured with through 1923, when he settled in New York City. Hawkins joined Fletcher Henderson's Orchestra, where he remained until 1934, sometimes doubling on clarinet and bass saxophone. Hawkins's playing changed significantly during Louis Armstrong's tenure with the Henderson Orchestra during 1924-25.

In 1934, Hawkins accepted an invitation to play with Jack Hylton's band in London, and toured Europe as a soloist until 1939, memorably working with Django Reinhardt and Benny Carter in Paris in 1937. Having returned to the United States, on October 11, 1939 he recorded a two chorus performance of the pop standard "Body and Soul", which he had been performing at Kelly's Stables. A landmark recording of the Swing Era, recorded as an afterthought at the session, it is notable in that Hawkins ignores almost all of the melody, only the first four bars are stated in a recognizable fashion. In its exploration of harmonic structure[3] it is considered by many to be the next evolutionary step in jazz recording from where Louis Armstrong's "West End Blues" in 1928 left off.

The Bebop era
After an unsuccessful attempt to establish a big band, he led a combo at Kelly's Stables on Manhattan's 52nd Street with Thelonious Monk, Oscar Pettiford, Miles Davis, and Max Roach as sidemen. He was leader on what is generally considered the first ever bebop recording session with Dizzy Gillespie and Max Roach in 1944. Later he toured with Howard McGhee and recorded with J. J. Johnson and Fats Navarro. He also toured with Jazz at the Philharmonic.

In 1948 Hawkins recorded Picasso, an early piece for unaccompanied saxophone.

After 1948 Hawkins divided his time between New York and Europe, making numerous freelance recordings. In the 1960s, he appeared regularly at the Village Vanguard in Manhattan.

Hawkins directly influenced many bebop performers, and later in his career, recorded or performed with such adventurous musicians as Sonny Rollins, who considered him as his main influence, and John Coltrane. He appears on the Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane (Riverside) record. In 1960 he recorded on Max Roach's We Insist! - Freedom Now suite.

Later life
He also performed with more traditional musicians, such as Henry "Red" Allen and Roy Eldridge, with whom he appeared at the 1957 Newport Jazz Festival, and recorded Coleman Hawkins Encounters Ben Webster with fellow tenor saxophonist Ben Webster on December 16, 1957, along with Oscar Peterson (piano), Herb Ellis (guitar), Ray Brown (bass), and Alvin Stoller (drums). In the 1960s, he recorded with Duke Ellington.

What was up to date in jazz changed radically over the decades. When record collectors would play his early 1920s recordings during Hawkins's later years he would sometimes deny his presence on them, since the playing on the old records sounded so dated.

In his later years, Hawkins began to drink heavily and stopped recording (his last recording was in late 1966). He died of pneumonia in 1969 and is interred at the Woodlawn Cemetery in the Bronx.

A biography of Hawkins, The Song of the Hawk (1990), was written by British jazz historian John Chilton.

Discography
This section requires expansion.

As leader
Body and Soul (1939)
Picasso (album) (1948)
The Hawk Flies High (1957)
Hawk Eyes! (1959)
In a Mellow Tone (1960)
At Ease with Coleman Hawkins (1960), Rerelease (1985) OJC-181
Night Hawk (1961, with Eddie Lockjaw Davis, Swingville)
The Hawk Relaxes (1961, Moodsville)
Alive! (1962)
Sonny Meets Hawk! (1963)
Sirius (1966)
Jazz Reunion]] (with Pee Wee Russell, Candid Records)
Impulse! Records
1962: Duke Ellington Meets Coleman Hawkins
1962: Desafinado
1965: Wrapped Tight
1966: Today and Now
Xanadu Records
Jazz Tones
Dutch Treat
Thanks For The Memory
Verve Records
1957: Coleman Hawkins Encounters Ben Webster
1957: The Genius of Coleman Hawkins
1958: Coleman Hawkins and Confreses
1962: Hawkins! Eldridge! Hodges! Alive at the Village Gate

As sideman
Thelonious Monk with John Coltrane (1957)
We Insist! — Max Roach's Freedom Now Suite (1960)

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1962 BELÇİKA

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Ocak 17, 2010 3:00 am


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Lover Man - Coleman Hawkins 1961Try our new player

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Ocak 17, 2010 3:03 am

Lover Man - Coleman Hawkins 1961

From a collection of faded 16 mm movies we see here a scene from a jazz club after hours. A club in New York, the customers have left, several of the staff stayed around to listen and the musicians just go in for a jam.
They’re playng a blues, Johnny Guarnieri piano, Barry Galbraith guitar, Milt Hinton bass and Cozy Cole drums.
It seems they are waiting for a guest coming in. And one does, the great Coleman Hawkins walks in. After some relaxing exchanges the Hawk unpacks and unwraps his horn and everyone is in anticipation. What’s coming? Hawk stops the music for a second and announces Lover Man in 5 flats. Off they go, it becomes another Hawkins masterpiece, nobody around to witness this except the musicians, some staff and now you from your seat behind your computer. I hope you have good sound equipment attached to your machine. It’s worth it!



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Stoned

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Ocak 17, 2010 3:06 am

Stoned Hawkins 1964

The "Grand Old Man" of the Tenor Saxophone Hawkins (Born Nov. 21, 1904, in St. Joseph) has been an influential figure in Jazz from the 20s until his death in 1969.
This clip is from a concert he did in England in 1964 together with Harry "Sweet" Edison on trumpet. The fine rhythm group has one of the world's best drummers, Jo Jones.
Coleman is alway so comfortable on the plain twelve bar blues.A head arrangement was made and called "Stoned", a blues in Bb.
And by gosh, does it ever swing!



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Body and Soul

Mesaj  Admin Bir Paz Ocak 17, 2010 3:08 am

Body and Soul Hawkins Coleman 1967
Body and Soul was recorded by Coleman Hawkins in 1939. He has probably played it more than a thousand times since. However I found a version on film done in the later part of his life.
Here in a concert taped by BBC in London in 1967 of Jazz at the Philharmonic Coleman plays Body and Soul.
Pianist Teddy Wilson, bassist(?) and drummer Louie Bellson




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Geri: COLEMAN HAWKINS

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