MURRAY PERAHIA

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MURRAY PERAHIA

Mesaj  Admin Bir Çarş. Mart 23, 2011 1:00 pm


Murray Perahia KBE (born April 19, 1947) is an American concert pianist and conductor.

Biography

Murray Perahia was born in the Bronx borough of New York City to a family of Sephardi Jewish origin. According to the biography on his Mozart piano sonatas CD, his first language was Ladino. The family came from Thessaloniki. His father moved to the United States in 1935.

Perahia began studying the piano at age four with a teacher he says was "very limiting" because she made him play a single piece until it was perfect. He says his musical interests blossomed at age fifteen for reasons he can't explain, and he began to practice seriously. At seventeen, Perahia attended Mannes College, where he studied keyboard, conducting, and composition with his teacher and mentor Mieczysław Horszowski. During the summer, he also attended Marlboro, where he studied with musicians Rudolf Serkin, Alexander Schneider, and Pablo Casals, among others. He played duets for piano four hands with Serkin, who later made Perahia his assistant at the Curtis Institute in Philadelphia, a position he held for over a year.

In 1965 Perahia won the Young Concert Artists International Auditions. In 1972, he was the first North American to win first prize at the Leeds Piano Competition, helping to cement its reputation for advancing the careers of young pianistic talent. Dr. Fanny Waterman recalls anecdotally (in Wendy Thompson's book Piano Competition: The Story of the Leeds) that Horszowski had phoned her prior to the competition, announcing that he would be the winner. Other American contestants had apparently withdrawn their applications upon hearing that Perahia would be competing.

Music career

In 1973 he worked with Benjamin Britten and Peter Pears at the Aldeburgh Festival, and with fellow pianist Radu Lupu. He was co-artistic director of the Festival from 1981 to 1989.

In the 1980s, Perahia was invited to work with Vladimir Horowitz, an admirer of his art. Perahia says this had a defining influence on his pianism.

Since 1973, Perahia has recorded exclusively for Columbia Masterworks, now Sony Classical. His first major recording project was the complete piano concertos by Mozart, conducted from the keyboard with the English Chamber Orchestra. In the 1980s, he also recorded all the Beethoven piano concertos, with Bernard Haitink and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra.



Hand injuries

In 1990, Perahia suffered a cut to his right thumb, which became septic. He took antibiotics for this condition, but they affected his health. In 1992, his career was threatened by a bone abnormality in his hand causing inflammation requiring several years away from the keyboard, and a series of operations. During that time, he says, he found solace through studying the music of Johann Sebastian Bach. After being given the all-clear, he produced in the late 1990s a series of award-winning recordings of Bach's keyboard works, most notably a cornerstone rendition of the Goldberg Variations.

In early 2005, Perahia's hand problem recurred, prompting him to withdraw from the concert stage on the advice of his doctors. He cancelled several appearances at London's Barbican, as well as a ten-city national tour of the United States, but returned in fine form with recitals in German cities in 2006 and at the Barbican in April 2007.

In the autumn of 2007 he completed a triumphant ten-city tour of the United States and conducted master classes in Salt Lake City. Owing to his hand problem, and on the advice of his doctor, Perahia cancelled a tour in the United States with the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields (March and April 2008). He returned to the platform in August 2008, touring with the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra under the direction of Bernard Haitink, and had an Asian recital tour in October and November.

Recent activitiesPerahia has recorded Chopin's études, and of Schubert's late piano sonatas. He is currently editing a new Urtext edition of Beethoven's piano sonatas.

Besides his solo career, he is active in chamber music and appears regularly with the Guarneri and Budapest Quartets. He is also Principal Guest Conductor of the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields, with which he records and performs.

Since his return at the 2008 Proms season, Perahia has been continually active on the concert scene.

Jerusalem Music CenterIn January 2009, Murray Perahia was appointed president of the Jerusalem Music Center established by violinist Isaac Stern. He believes in the importance of music education and regards classical music as the "incarnation of democracy." In an interview with Haaretz newspaper he said: "Music represents an ideal world where all dissonances resolve, where all modulations —that are journeys— return home, and where surprise and stability coexist."

Awards

Seventh International Schumann Festival

2000 Robert Schumann Society Claudio Arrau Memorial Medal
Grammy Award for Best Chamber Music Performance

1989 Bartók: Sonata for Two Pianos & Percussion
Grammy Award for Best Instrumental Soloist Performance

2003 Chopin: Études, Op. 10, Op. 25
1999 Bach: English Suites no. 1, no. 3, no. 6
He is an Honorary Fellow of the Royal College of Music and Honorary Member of the Royal Academy of Music (1985). In 2007 he was elected to an Honorary Fellowship of Jesus College, Cambridge.

On March 8, 2004, Queen Elizabeth II made him an honorary Knight Commander of the British Empire. This entitles him to use the post-nominal letters KBE, but not to the title "Sir".

Discography

1970sSchumann: Davidsbündlertänze, Op. 6; Fantasiestücke, Op. 12 (1973)
1980sSchubert: Wanderer Fantasy, Op. 15; Schumann: Fantasy in C major, Op. 17 (1986)
Mozart, Beethoven: Quintets for piano and winds (1986)
Mozart: Sonata (K. 448); Schubert: Piano Sonata for four hands (1986; with Radu Lupu)
Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 3 and 4 (1986)
Brahms: Piano Quartet (1987)
Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Nos. 17, 18 and 26 (1987)
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 (Emperor) (1987)
A Portrait of Murray Perahia (1987)
Mendelssohn: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 2 (CD 1987, but recorded in 1974 and originally issued on LP) — with Neville Marriner and the Academy of St. Martin in the Fields
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 11, 12 and 14 (1987)
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 22 and 24 (1987)
Chopin: Piano Concerto No. 1, Barcarolle, etc. (1987)
Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 2 (1987)
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 9 and 21 (1987)
Schumann: Symphonic Études, posthumous études, Papillons; Chopin: Piano Sonatas Nos. 2 and 3 (1988)
Schumann: Davidsbündlertänze; Fantasiestücke (1988)
Beethoven: The five piano concertos (1988) — with Bernard Haitink and the Royal Concertgebouw Orchestra
Schumann: Piano Sonata, Op. 22; Schubert: Piano Sonata, D. 959 (1988)
Bartók: Sonata for 2 Pianos and Percussion; Brahms: Variations on a Theme by Haydn (1988)
Schumann, Grieg: Piano concertos (1989)
1990sChopin: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 2 (1990)
Murray Perahia in Performance (1991)
Murray Perahia Plays Franck and Liszt (1991)
Brahms: Sonata No. 3, Rhapsodies, etc. (1991)
Mozart: Concertos for 2 and 3 pianos, Andante and Variations for piano four hands (1991) with Radu Lupu
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 21 and 27 (1991)
The Aldeburgh Recital (1991)
Mozart: Piano Sonatas (K. 310, 333, and 533) (1992)
Bach: Harpsichord Concertos (1993)
Immortal Beloved Original Motion Picture Soundtrack (1994)
Greatest Hits: Grieg (1994)
Chopin: Ballades, Waltzes, Mazurkas, etc. (1995)
Beethoven: Piano Sonatas (Op. 2, Nos. 1–3) (1995)
Murray Perahia: 25th Anniversary Edition (1997)
Schumann: Kreisleriana, Piano Sonata No. 1 (1997)
Schumann: Complete works for piano and orchestra (1997) — with Claudio Abbado and the Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra
Murray Perahia Plays Handel and Scarlatti (1997)
Bach: English Suites Nos. 1, 3 and 6 (1998)
Songs Without Words: Bach/Busoni, Mendelssohn and Schubert–Liszt (1999)
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 20 and 27 (1999)
Glenn Gould at the Movies (1999)
Bach: English Suites Nos. 2, 4 and 5 (1999)
From 2000Bach: Goldberg Variations (2000)
Chopin: Études (2001)
Bach: Keyboard Concertos Nos. 1, 2 and 4 (2001)
Bach: Keyboard Concertos Nos. 3, 5, 6, 7 (2002)
Schubert: Late Piano Sonatas (2003)
Murray Perahia Plays Bach (2003)
Beethoven: String Quartet, Op. 127; Piano Sonata, Op. 101 (2004) (The string quartet is transcribed for full string orchestra and conducted by Murray Perahia)
Bach: Partitas Nos. 2, 3, 4 (2008)
Beethoven: Piano Sonatas Op. 14, Nos. 1 and 2, Op. 26, Op. 28 (Pastorale) (2008)
Bach: Partitas Nos. 1, 5, 6 (2009)
Brahms: Handel Variations; Two Rhapsodies, Op. 79; Six Piano Pieces, Op. 118; Four Piano Pieces, Op. 119 (2010)

Videography

Murray Perahia in Performance (1992)
Mozart: Piano Concertos Nos. 21 and 27 in rehearsal and performance (1992)
Schubert: Winterreise (with Dietrich Fischer-Dieskau)
Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 1 and 3 (1988)
Beethoven: Piano Concertos Nos. 2 and 4 (1988)
Beethoven: Piano Concerto No. 5 (1988)
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Mesaj  Admin Bir Perş. Mart 24, 2011 1:30 am

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Mesaj  Admin Bir Perş. Mart 24, 2011 1:34 am

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