ROSA TAMARKINA

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ROSA TAMARKINA

Mesaj  Admin Bir Salı Haz. 28, 2011 1:05 am



Rosa Tamarkina (23 March 1920 – 5 August 1950) was a Soviet pianist who won second prize in the third International Frédéric Chopin Piano Competition in Warsaw (1937).

Tamarkina, born in Kiev, began learning piano as a very young child. She was enrolled for the children’s section of the Kiev Conservatory where, for five years (1928–1932), her teacher was Nikolai Goldenberg.

Between 1932 and 1935 she was a student in the special children’s section at the Moscow Conservatory. She completed the higher course at the Conservatoire in 1940, as a graduate of Alexander Goldenweiser’s piano class. She continued her studies with Goldenweiser and later (1943–1945) with Konstantin Igumnov.

Tamarkina started appearing in public at the age of 15, astounding listeners and critics with the maturity of her interpretation, temperament and virtuosity. From 1936, she developed her concert career within Russia. Regardless of whether she would play Bach, Mozart, Beethoven, Tchaikovsky, Scriabin, Rachmaninoff or especially Chopin, her grasp of the work was apt, full of noble simplicity, charm and natural poetry.

Tamarkina took part in the Chopin Competition at the age of 17. Already after Stage 1 it was clear that she was in the running for a prize. Eventually the jury, composed of renowned pianists such as Emil von Sauer, Wilhelm Backhaus, Heinrich Neuhaus, Józef Turczyński, Józef Śmidowicz and Jerzy Żurawlew, awarded her second prize.

Professor Piotr Rytel wrote: “Younger […] than Zak, Ms. Rosa Tamarkina […] when it comes to her inner relationship to music might even surpass Zak. […] Sixteen years and already such an excellent technique, complexity and ease.”

Neuhaus wrote: "Rosa Tamarkina made a real sensation on the competition -- not merely because of her age. Despite her young age, she is beyond doubt a perfectly matured, perfectly conscious pianist. Backhaus shouted to me: "This is marvelous" "

In 1946, Tamarkina started teaching at the Moscow Conservatory, which greatly limited the number of her concert appearances. In celebration of the centenary of Chopin's death in October 1949, a concert was held at the Great Hall of the Moscow Conservatory where Tamarkina performed Chopin's Concerto in F minor.

This was to be her last stage appearance before her death, which occurred in Moscow in 1950, aged only 30.

Tamarkina is today remembered for her brilliant interpretations of Chopin’s works (Fantasie in F minor, Scherzos in B flat minor and C sharp minor, Polonaise in F sharp minor, Sonata in B minor, Nocturne in G major and Concerto in F minor), Franz Liszt (Sonata in B minor, Mephisto Waltz, Hungarian Rhapsody No. 10, Rigoletto Concert Paraphrase), Schumann (Fantasie in C major) and Rachmaninoff (Piano Concerto No. 2 in C minor). Her numerous recordings include Chopin’s Fantasie in F minor and Scherzo in C sharp minor.
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Mesaj  Admin Bir Salı Haz. 28, 2011 1:10 am


Part 1
Sergei Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2, C minor, ор.18
1. Moderato
Recording 1948

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VINlasTHxIo&feature=related

Part 2
Rachmaninoff, Piano Concerto No. 2, C Minor, Op. 18:
2. Adagio sostenuto
Recording 1948


"In 1936, the 16-year-old Rosa Tamarkina played at a selective audition for the 3rd Chopin International Competition in Warsaw and, together with the then well-known and experienced pianists Maria Grinberg, Yakov Zak and Tatyana Goldfarb, was included in the Soviet team.
Yakov Zak captured the first prize and the 17-year-old Tamarkina was awarded the second prize. International jury member Genrikh Neugauz wrote: "Rosa Tamarkina made a real sensation at the competition - and not merely because of her age. Despite her young age, she is beyond doubt a perfectly matured, perfectly conscious pianist. Backhaus shouted to me: "This is marvelous!" Levi claimed he had never heard anything like this before".
Her reputation as a pianist was growing fast; her every performance was a great success, and music critics described her as one of the most outstanding musicians of the modern times. However, the budding pianist was not destined to see her shining future. At the age of 26 Rosa was diagnosed cancer.
Rosa Tamarkina died on the 5th of August, 1950. The recordings she made at the age of 24 to 28, strike our ear with mastery of phrasing and sound, the remarkable touches, the magnificent minor and octave technique, and the beautiful pedal skills."
by Oleg Chernikov



Part 3
Sergei Rachmaninoff - Piano Concerto No. 2, C minor, ор.18
3. Allegro scherzando
Recording 1948

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